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  • Glimskär, Anders
    et al.
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Kinström, Merit
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Lundin, Assar
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Björkén, Anders
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Jonsson, Olle
    Executive, Länsstyrelser, Länsstyrelsen Östergötland.
    Inventering och utveckling för uppföljning av gräsmarks- och hällmarksnaturtyper 20172018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

     Rapporten beskriver resultat från biogeografisk uppföljning av några naturtyper med sparsam förekomst i landskapet. För hällmarkstorrängar (naturtyp 8230) visas resultat från tredje året av uppföljningen, som bland annat visar att en stor andel av hällmarkstorrängarna ligger utanför skyddade områden. För alvar, basiska berghällar och karsthällmark är 2017 det första året för ett förtätat stickprov på Öland och Gotland. Förutom variabler för artförekomst och vegetations­struktur ingår också beskrivning av vittringsmaterial och karstsprickor samt en särskild metodik för karstlevande snäckor. Svämängar har karterats i sin helhet längs Vindelälven, med ett stickprov av fältbesökta ytor. De kommande fem åren är planen att svämängar vid samtliga större vattendrag från Dalälven och norrut karteras. Förutom uppföljningen av dessa naturtyper, så har även utvecklingsinsatser gjorts för andra naturtyper, som underlag för framtida uppföljning. Ett mindre antal objekt av höglänta slåtterängar och slåtterängar i låglandet har inventerats, för att ge underlag för hur artsammansättningen kan ge stöd för en tillförlitlig klassning av slåtter- och betespräglade naturtyper. Första tester har gjorts för hur högörtängar och svämängar kan följas vid mindre vattendrag, men fler år behövs för att slutsatserna ska bli tydliga. Tester har också gjorts för hur Remiils miljöövervakning i gräsmarker kan bidra för vanliga gräsmarks­naturtyper, men en bra lösning förutsätter kraftigt förbättrad samordning mellan olika inventeringar.

  • Danielsson, Sara
    et al.
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental Research and Monitoring.
    Bignert, Anders
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental Research and Monitoring.
    Faxneld, Suzanne
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental Research and Monitoring.
    Nyberg, Elisabeth
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental Research and Monitoring.
    Andersson, Mikael
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental Research and Monitoring.
    Jones, Douglas
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental Research and Monitoring.
    Kylberg, Eva
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental Research and Monitoring.
    Strömquist, Jenny
    Swedish Museum of Natural History, Department of Environmental Research and Monitoring.
    Johansson, Ann-Marie
    Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University.
    Hjelmquist, Pär
    Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University.
    Mechedal, Jan
    Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University..
    Sundbom, Marcus
    Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University..
    Bizkarguenaga, E
    Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University.
    Benskin., Jonathan
    Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University.
    de Wit,, Cynthia
    Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University.
    Egebäck, Anna-Lena
    Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University.
    Eriksson, Ulla
    Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University.
    Kruså, Martin
    Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University.
    Distribution and conversions of metal-and POP concentrations among various tissues in herring2018Report (Other academic)
  • Swenson, Jon E.
    et al.
    NINA och Universitetet for miljø- og biovitenskap (UMB).
    Sahlén, Veronica
    Brunberg, Sven
    Kindberg, Jonas
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Björnen i Sverige— kunskapsläget i dag: Slutrapportering från Skandinaviska Björnprojektet till Naturvårdsverket (Viltforskningskommitten).2008Report (Other academic)
  • Wiedmann, Thomas
    et al.
    Swedish Environmental Protection Agency.
    Lutter, Stephan
    Sustainable Europe Research Institute (SERI), Vienna, Austria.
    Wilting, Harry
    Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.
    Palm, Viveka
    Statistics Sweden, Environmental Accounting Unit (SCB), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wadeskog, Anders
    Statistics Sweden, Environmental Accounting Unit (SCB), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Giljum, Stefan
    Sustainable Europe Research Institute (SERI), Vienna, Austria.
    Nijdam, Durk
    Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.
    Development of a methodology for the assessment of global environmental impacts of traded goods and services: Draft Final Report2009Report (Other academic)
  • Jansson, Gunnar
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Årsrapport för projekt finansierat av Viltvårdsfonden / Naturvårdsverket: Människa och vildsvin – förvaltningsverktyg för svenska populationer2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2011 the project continued the work from previous years, as well as initiated studies on other aspects of wild boars and their management in Sweden. Studied topics mainly concern; census/monitoring methods – general ecology and behaviour in relation to disturbance – survey of damages to agricultural crops, including economic assessments – genetics and potential applicability of DNA-techniques in management.

    Following previous evaluations of different methods to obtain population estimates or indices, a more detailled comparison between Simultaneous observations and Camera traps was made based on GPS-collared wild boar. Observers and cameras at 0,5-1 sites/100 ha (attractive sites, here supplemental feeding stations) in suitable time periods and during winter season, are expected to catch 50 and 25% respectively of the local population. Simultaneous observations noted 2,5-3,5 more animals than cameras, and that relationship was stable among seasons.

    The mean value for yearly home-ranges of eight sows, in an area with extensive supplemental feeding, was 1250 ha. The corresponding home-range of one boar (male), with few feeding stations available, was 6840 ha. The sows used much larger areas in the summer season than in autumn-winter, when their movements were more related to the feeding stations.

    The effects of a direct disturbance (here culling of one piglet) on wild boar groups visiting crop fields, was studied by the movements of GPS-collared sows before and after the incidence. Fields that were visited almost every night by three of these sows (in total 12 visits) during the week before the disturbance, only got three visits in the week thereafter. This indicates that such disturbance measures may keep wild boar groups away from sensitive crop fields for up to one week, although the method is rather time consuming and preclude quite an effort.

    The project repeated a survey of crop damages on 46 fields at Mörkö (dense wild boar population), with similar results as the year before. Varying between crop types (wheat, barley and oats), 2-3% of the fields was not possible to harvest due to wild boar damages. That corresponded to economic losses of 70-250 SEK/ha. A questionnaire among farmers in four counties, combined with field controls by County board staff, showed very similar estimates of the damages (number and extent) on the fields owned by the former group. Most of the examined estates, suffered reduced profits of 5-15 000 SEK that season due to wild boar damages.

    During 2011, 170 wild boar samples of varying types were analysed in the genetic laboratory at Grimsö wildlife research station. DNA of sufficient quality for separating samples to the level of individuals may readily be obtained from tissue and hair samples, whereas feces rarely generated useful DNA material. DNA-analyses of suitable samples may be used to estimate local population size by the "catch – recatch" method. We used that method to estimate the limited wild boar population close to Grimsö. The study resulted in an estimate of ca 25 wild boar, which is somewhat lower than estimates based on other data of 40-45 animals. We also analysed the kinship among individuals in three different areas, and typical differences were found both within and between populations. Thus, this method could for example be used to describe dispersal patterns and the origin of or relatedness between populations.

    In 2011, a considerable amount of time was allocated to communicating project results. Mainly as talks to stakeholders and managers, lectures to County boards staff and students, but also contacts and interviews for national media and publishing popular science and reports.

  • Matti, Simon
    et al.
    Lundmark, Carina
    Sandström, Annica
    Institutioner för en legitim rovdjursförvaltning: En studie av lärande och legitimitet i tre viltförvaltningsdelegationer 2011 – 20132014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The research project has studied the new wildlife management in order to examine if regional co-management can increase the legitimacy of Swedish carnivore policy through increased collaboration and learning processes between conflicting interests. The study includes three wildlife management delegations and information was collected through interviews and questionnaires on two occasions, in 2010 and 2013. The delegations’ participants answered questions about problem perception, expectations and interaction patterns. This study is a first step towards answering the question whether the new wildlife management will enhance the prospects of a more legitimate carnivore policy. The results can inform future initiatives to revise the institutional framework that governs the regional co-management arrangements.

    The biggest challenge was considered to balance the political goal of viable carnivore populations and other interests but, in 2010, a majority of the delegates considered wildlife management delegations well placed to deal with the issues they are entrusted to manage. Three years later, in 2013, our analysis shows support for the management system, but the weak mandate is highlighted as a significant problem. A few delegates, primarily representatives of nature conservation interest that initially expressed doubts regarding the new management system, consider the influence of delegation to be adequate. Most participants, however, find it remarkable that the delegations have so little influence over carnivore issues. In two of the delegations, this is associated with a pronounced disappointment, especially in WMD C, where several members left the delegation.

    Wildlife management accommodates competing coalitions of actors with different views on large carnivores. The probability of belief convergence among the participants in the WMD’s is affected by how coalitions are formed within the delegations, that is, how and with whom actors choose to interact. The interaction within and between these coalitions will be critical for future wildlife management. In the short term, the participants’ ability to negotiate and learn from each other will affect problem solving capacity. In the longer term, mutual understanding and the creation of a common set of values and beliefs across coalitions will be necessary for legitimacy. The internal decisionmaking process is crucial in this regard. The participants describe the discussion climate in positive terms; characterized by equal opportunities to express opinions. Pronounced user and conservation interests, however, dominate the discussions, while the politically appointed representatives are more passive.

    In 2010, a majority of the participants anticipated that their beliefs might change as a result of them participating in the WMD’s. Although only marginal changes can be noted in 2013, the results nevertheless highlight unambiguous change towards a deeper understanding of other actors’ interests and perspectives, which could be a first step towards enhanced learning. Subsequently, the coalitions in two of the studied WMD’s have been reformed over time, but only in one can these changes be attributed the convergence of beliefs.

  • Alm Bergvall, Ulrika
    et al.
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Kjellander, Petter
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    M. Arnemo, Jon
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Projektstatus: ”Fysiologiska och beteendemässiga effekter av fångst och märkning av rådjur”. Delrapportering 1301312013Report (Other academic)
  • Bendz, David
    Stabilisering och solidifiering av muddermassor2011Report (Other academic)
  • McKie, Brendan
    et al.
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Goedkoop, Willem
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Final Report Development of alternative approaches for monitoring the effects of the mosquito control agent Bti on ecosystems of the Dalälven catchment2010Report (Other academic)
  • Åström, Stefan
    et al.
    Executive, Forskningsinstitut, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Lindblad, Maria
    Executive, Forskningsinstitut, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Särnholm, Erik
    Executive, Forskningsinstitut, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Söderblom, Johan
    Executive, Forskningsinstitut, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Energy efficiency improvements in the European Household and Service sector: - data inventory to the GAINS model2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Further improvements in the energy performance of buildings and equipment are important to Europe as means reducing energy demand as well as greenhouse gas emissions. For both the residential sector and the service sector, heating and ventilation as well as air conditioning constitutes many of the total energies uses in these sectors, and there are large potentials for further improvements in the energy performance in the 'climate shell' of most European houses and buildings.

    The International Institute for Applied System Analysis has developed the GAINS model. The GAINS models most recent methodology updates allow for a detailed description of the residential and commercial sector with energy use, potential for energy demand reduction as well as energy demand reduction costs. To implement the new detailed methodology for the European version of the GAINS model, a data inventory is needed.

    In this study, detailed data on energy use, building stocks and control technologies have been compiled and converted into the format suitable for the GAINS model. Bottom-up projections have been calibrated with the EU projection currently used as a European baseline in the GAINS model for the EU-27 countries as well as Norway, Switzerland and Turkey.

  • Sand, Håkan
    et al.
    Liberg, Olof
    Wikenros, Camilla
    Andrèn, Henrik
    Ahqvist, Per
    Livskraftighet, predator-bytesdynamik och ekosystem effekter i den skandinaviska vargpopulationen 2009-2011: Statusrapport Vargforskningsprojektet 2012-01-042012Report (Other academic)
  • Persson, Jens
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Det svenska järvprojektet – slutrapport 20082008Report (Other academic)
  • Valguarnera, Filippo
    Access to Nature between Ideology and Law – SummaryReport (Other academic)
  • Andrén, Henrik
    et al.
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Liberg, Olof
    Executive, Universitet, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    SLUTRAPPORT – LODJURSPROJEKTET2008Report (Other academic)
  • Hörnell-Willebrand, Maria
    Tjädern i Sverige: Uvärdering och analys av insamlat data2012Report (Other academic)
  • Blomqvist, Evalena
    et al.
    Executive, Forskningsinstitut, Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP.
    Jermer, Jöran
    Executive, Forskningsinstitut, Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP.
    Betydelse av pentaklorfenolbehandlat trä för spridning av dioxiner i miljön2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The role of pentachlorophenol treated wood for emissions of dioxins into the environment

    This study has investigated the part played by pentachlorophenol-treated wood in emissions of dioxins into the environment. A thorough inventory of the use of different products treated by different methods has been carried out, in addition to chemical analyses of four different treated wood products. The tested products were an indoor panel from a swimming pool in Finspång, Sweden, a utility pole from Oregon in the USA, and a field test stake exposed outdoors in Denmark since 1968, looking at both the part above ground and that in the ground.

    Between 1956 and 1978 approximately 640 tonnes of pentachlorophenol were used in Sweden for pressure impregnation of wood products, and 1000 – 1500 tonnes for diptreatment of freshly sawn wood before further storage or transport. A further 200 tonnes or so were used for consumer products (DIY), and approximately 15 tonnes for remedial treatments.

    The estimated amount of dioxins (I-TEQ) in the Swedish environment today due to the use of chlorophenol-treated wood products is estimated to be between 0,4 and 3,7 kg. The considerable uncertainty is due to the wide variation in analytical data. In addition, a quite high figure has been used to approximate the amount of wooden products still in use, in order to avoid underestimation.

    Dioxin sources resulting from the use of chlorophenol-treated wood products are diffuse and scattered, and thus difficult to clean up efficiently. The most efficient method of reducing dioxin emissions is to ensure that all demolition wood is destroyed in a modern incinerator with efficient air pollution control systems.

    Key words: Preservative-treated wood, pentachlorophenol, PCP, dioxins, emissions

    SP Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut

    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden

    SP Rapport 2008: 22

    ISBN 978-91-85829-38-5

    ISSN 0284-5172

    Borås 2008